ICCS 2009 Fact Sheet

Long title
International Civic and Citizenship Education Study
Frequency of data collection
  • 2006–2008: framework and instrument development
  • 2008 (October–November): field trial
  • 2008 (October–December): main data collection, Southern Hemisphere
  • 2009 (March–April): main data collection, Northern Hemisphere
  • 2010 (June): release of preliminary international report
  • 2010 (November): release of extended international and European regional reports
  • 2011 (April): release of international database and Latin American regional report
  • ICCS 2009 studied the ways in which countries prepare their young people to undertake their roles as adult citizens.
  • It investigated student knowledge and understanding of civics and citizenship as well as students’ perceptions, attitudes, and activities related to civics and citizenship.
  • It also examined the differences among countries in these outcomes and their relationship to students’ individual characteristics and family backgrounds, to teaching practices, and to school and broader community contexts.
Research questions
  • What variations exist among countries and within countries in student civic and citizenship knowledge?
  • What changes in civic knowledge have occurred since the last international assessment in 1999?
  • What is the extent of interest and disposition to engage in public and political life among adolescents, and which factors within or across countries are related to this engagement?
  • What are adolescents’ perceptions of the impact of threats to civil society and of responses to these threats on the future development of that society?
  • What aspects of schools and education systems are related to knowledge about, and attitudes to, civics and citizenship?
  • What aspects of student personal and social background, such as gender, socioeconomic background, and language background, are related to student knowledge about and attitudes toward civic and citizenship education?
Assessment domain(s)
  • Civic education
Study framework (summary)

The civics and citizenship framework

Content domains

  • Civic society and systems
  • Civic principles
  • Civic participation
  • Civic identities

Affective-behavioral domains

  • Value beliefs
  • Attitudes
  • Behavioral intentions
  • Behaviors

Cognitive domains

  • Knowing
  • Reasoning and analyzing


Contextual framework

The wider community

  • Educational system
  • History and culture

Schools and classrooms

  • Characteristics
  • Composition
  • Resources

Home and peers

  • Family background
  • Social group

Student characteristics

Participating entities


38 countries, more than 140,000 Grade 8 (or equivalent) students in more than 5,300 schools.

Student data were augmented by data from more than 62,000 teachers in the same schools and by contextual data collected from school principals and the study’s national research centers.



Austria, Belgium (Flemish), Bulgaria, Chile, Chinese Taipei, Colombia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, England, Estonia, Finland, Greece, Guatemala, Hong Kong SAR, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Republic of Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Malta, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Paraguay, Poland, Russian Federation, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and Thailand.

Target population and sample (summary)

Target population

  • Students enrolled in the eighth grade, provided that the average age of students in this grade was 13.5 years or above at the time of the assessment; if the average age of students in Grade 8 was less than 13.5 years, Grade 9 was defined as the target population.
  • Teachers of the target grade



Approximately 140,000 students and 62,000 teachers from more than 5,300 schools in 38 countries.

Data collection techniques and instruments (summary)

Instruments administered to students

  • International student cognitive test
  • 40-minute international student questionnaire
  • Set of regional instruments


Instruments administered to teachers and schools

  • 30-minute teacher questionnaire
  • 30-minute school questionnaire


Instrument completed by national research coordinators (NRCs)

  • National context questionnaire
Study director(s)

IEA Amsterdam

Keizersgracht 311

1016 EE Amsterdam

The Netherlands

Tel: +31 20 625 3625

Fax: +31 20 420 7136

E-mail: secretariat@iea.nl

URL: http://www.iea.nl


ICCS 2009 International Study Center

ICCS International Study Centre at the Australian Council for Educational Research

19 Prospect Hill Rd

Camberwell VIC 3124


Tel: +61 3 9277 5555

Fax: +61 3 9277 5500

E-mail: iccs@acer.edu.au

URL: https://iccs.acer.org/