PISA-D Organization

Study director(s)

Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States - Irwin Kirsch, International Project Director

  • Overall management of contractors and implementation
  • Instrument development
  • Scaling and analysis
Institutions and their responsibilities

PISA Governing Board (PGB)


  • Representatives of OECD members and PISA associates (i.e., countries or economies that are not OECD members but have membership rights and obligations in regard to specific OECD bodies and programs)
  • Countries and economies that participate in PISA but do not have associate status are welcome to participate in PGB meetings as observers.
  • Representatives are appointed by their respective education ministries; the PGB chair is chosen by the board itself.


  • Determination of policy priorities for PISA-D
  • Oversight of these policies during implementation of PISA-D


International contractors

Pearson, United Kingdom

  • Took the lead on the development of the cognitive assessment frameworks


Westat, USA

  • Survey operations
  • Sampling


The Learning Bar, Canada

  • Focused on the questionnaire frameworks and questionnaire development


cApStAn, United States

  • Linguistic quality control


HallStat SPRL, Belgium

  • Translation referee


PISA-D Subject Matter Expert Groups

PISA-D had subject matter expert groups for its three key areas of testing – reading, mathematics and science literacy.

These groups were led by world experts in each area and included country experts nominated by the participating countries.

Responsibilities: Design of the theoretical framework for the survey


PISA-D Questionnaire Expert Group (QEG)

The PISA-D QEG had 3 members and 12 members in the extended group, including country experts nominated by the participating countries.

Responsibilities: Leadership and guidance in the construction of the PISA-D context questionnaires


National project managers

The PISA-D national project managers were appointed by their respective governments. 

Responsibilities: Oversight of implementation of PISA-D in each participating country/economy


OECD PISA for Development

2 rue André Pascal

75775 Paris Cedex 16

E-mail: PISAforDevelopment@oecd.org


PISA-D is exclusively financed through direct contributions from participating countries and economies’ government authorities, typically education ministries together with voluntary contributions from development partners, philanthropic organizations, and aid-in-kind contributions from development partners and private sector organizations.

Editor(s) and author(s) of study-related gateway pages

​​​​​​Michael Ward, Senior Policy Analyst and OECD’s PISA-D manager