TIMSS 2011 Framework

Assessment or survey framework

The curriculum in mathematics and science (overarching concept)

  • The intended curriculum (what mathematics and science society intends that students learn; characteristics of the education system that facilitates this learning)

  • The implemented curriculum (what mathematics and science is taught; characteristics of teaching and teachers)

  • The achieved curriculum (what mathematics and science students have learned; attitudes towards the respective subjects)


The mathematics assessment framework

  • Content dimension
    • Grade 4: number, geometric shapes and measures, data display
    • Grade 8: number, algebra, geometry, data, and chance
  • Cognitive dimension (Grades 4 and 8)
    • Knowing
    • Applying
    • Reasoning


The science assessment framework

  • Content dimension
    • Grade 4: life science, physical science, earth science
    • Grade 8: biology, chemistry, physics, earth science
  • Cognitive dimension (Grades 4 and 8)
    • Knowing
    • Applying
    • Reasoning
Contextual or background framework

National, regional, and community contexts (i.e., cultural, social, political, and economic factors)

  • Demographics and resources
  • Organization and structure of the education system
  • Mathematics and science curricula


School contexts

  • School characteristics
  • School organization for instruction
  • School climate for learning
  • Teaching staff
  • School resources
  • Parental involvement


Classroom contexts

  • Teacher education and development
  • Teacher characteristics
  • Classroom characteristics
  • Instructional materials and technology
  • Curriculum topics taught
  • Instructional activities
  • Student assessment


Student characteristics and attitudes

  • Student demographics and home background
  • Student attitudes towards learning mathematics and science