This article, written by Volante et al., shares the authors' opinion that literacy is beyond what it was known for in the past. They claim, it is much more than just reading, writing, speaking and listening, referring to including skills and knowledge to the definition of literacy. The competencies of literacy have increased in the global age of today where digitization and knowledge is growing immensely. The authors, therefore, suggest that the large-scale assessment studies must come up with new techniques to test literacy in which skills and knowledge is also adequately measured.
To read more on this, please follow the link to the article below.