TIMSS 2011 Data

Data analysis

All statistics were computed using sampling weights.

All achievement data were presented as five plausible values. All required statistics were calculated separately for each of the plausible values and the resulting statistics averaged to get the final result.

Standard errors for significance testing of achievement results were computed using the

  • Jackknife repeated replication method (JK2 variant) to estimate sampling variance and
  • Differences between the five plausible values to estimate measurement variance.

General note: TIMSS data are designed for group-level reporting; students’ scale scores in the database are not intended to report performance of individual students or very small groups.

Secondary analysis

IEA encourages secondary analyses with TIMSS data and the International Database is freely available.

Data can be analyzed with the IEA IDB Analyzer and the International Data Explorer. These tools take into account the characteristics of the sampling and assessment design and implement the jackknife replication method with the appropriate plausible values.

Types of data files
  • Background questionnaires (school, teacher, student, and home)
  • Curriculum questionnaires
  • Achievement responses to assessment items (see below under item release policy)
  • Scoring reliability
  • Test-Curriculum Matching Analysis (TCMA) data
Format(s) of data files
Item release policy

Responses to all items used in the assessment are included in the database. After each cycle, however, some of the items are available for restricted use by the public. The remainder are kept secure, thus ensuring the possibility of measuring trends over time. The item release policy is described in the Item Release Plan. Access to the restricted use items is subject to approval by IEA Amsterdam. However, the response data for all items used in the assessment are publicly and freely available in the data files.

There are more recent studies available in this series: